Institución Libre de Enseñanza: Fundación Francisco Giner de los Ríos
amid.cero9 - Cristina Díaz Moreno, Efrén Garcia Grinda
, 2004-2014

Among amid.cero9’s various scale projects all over the world, the Francisco Giner foundation in Madrid, located on architects hometown is no exception in terms of social, historical, natural, and urban contexts.

Brief information on the foundation would help to understand the design decisions and interventions on the project. In 1884 Francisco Giner de los Ríos and Manuel Bartolomé Cossío installed the headquarters of the Institución Libre de Enseñanza (ILE) in a garden in the outskirts of Madrid, today Paseo de General Martínez Campos 14. There, they lived and opened a private school in which they set in motion their own educational methods. In the institute, the students had close relations with nature as a part of the innovative educational program.

The foundation was founded in 1916 following the death of Giner de los Rios to continue his work and to conserve his material and cultural. In 2003, the Board of Trustees of the foundation launched a competition for the rehabilitation and expansion of the historic headquarters. Amid.cero9’s proposal won the competition with their design focused on respecting the historical and educational values of the foundation and the site.

The new buildings configure us as a three-dimensional enclosure that is placed on the edge of the lot to leave free the center where to plant a garden. As an important historical feature of the institute, the garden deserves a special note; a circulation system of “S” snaking through the garden was realized on a reconstructed granite path in the original site. The access points in the buildings open up to this inner garden/courtyard designed by landscape architect Teresa Galí-Izard. Having the garden as the central feature of the complex supports the foundational educational ideals of the institute by creating a connection between the users and the landscape, indoor and outdoor, humanmade and natural. Following the entrance towards the end of the lot, the courtyard ends with a vertical garden on a flat façade.

The concept of the project is defined as “the collective memory” by Amid.cero9, therefore, making available the access of open air for everyone to sustain the heritage of the institute was one of the most significant features of the project.

The classrooms in the complex have direct access to the outdoor either physically or visually, creating fences surrounding the garden while providing a connection between inner and outer spaces. The rooms do not follow a strict direction in terms of orientation and are ‘flexible’ spaces made possible with the hanging systems allowing the control of the lighting and acoustics. As for the formal composition of the volumes and classrooms, they follow the geometry in the garden, allowing the spatial experience to be a part of the learning experience.

The new pavilions in the complex all have the same façade organization and material allowing the daylight control. Firstly the superimposed lattices of three-layered small-scale steel rods provide physical privacy and the enclosed boundary between the pavilions and the exteriors while creating a semi-private space by diminishing the visual access to the classroom and reducing the relationship with the garden with the help daylight filtering in the inner space. The configuration of these layering surfaces creates enclosed fences within the lot affecting the relationship both inside of the foundation’s boundaries and between each other as well as with the rest of the neighborhood.

Finally, the basement level hosts an auditorium for public events. There, large openings provide an enclosed bordering space while ensuring the spatial float and a visual connection to numerous spaces and surfaces facing onto the auditorium.


VIDEO

ALTRE INFORMAZIONI

Founded by Cristina Diaz Moreno and Efren Garcia Grinda in 1997, amid.cero9 is a Madrid based architectural studio that takes research and methodological disciplinary approach on the design process supported by the architects’ international academic experiences. Focusing on the relationship between built environment, culture and people, the architecture studio has produced many projects with the consideration of current challenges, all of which have a unique approach in their own context.

Area totale del progetto: 2.065 m2
Superficie utile: 5.000 m2

Il vincitore- 2015 COAM Awards, Madrid, Spagna
Il vincitore- 2015 ACI Awards (L'Associazione spagnola delle società di consulenza immobiliare), categoria di sostenibilità e contributo sociale
Partecipazione al 2015 "Open House Madrid", presentazione del Fundación Giner de los Ríos
Partecipazione alla 2014 Biennale Architettura- Fundamentals, con Spagna
Nominazione- 2017 The European Union Prize for Contemporary Architecture – Mies van der Rohe Award


BIBLIOGRAFIA

Díaz Moreno, Cristina, Efrén Garcia Grinda. Institución Libre de Enseñanza [Fundación Francisco Giner de los Ríos]. In: El Croquis. 2016, n. 184, p. 74-111. ISSN 2174-0356.

Juarranz, Ángela. Referencias pictóricas en la génesis de Terceras Naturalezas. La arquitectura de Amid.cero9. Traduzione a cura di Riferimenti pittorici nella genesi della Terza Natura. L'architettura di Amid.cero9. In: Actas I CongresoIberoamericano redfundamentos. 2017, n. Vol.1, p. 467-477. ISSN ISSN: 2531-1840, e-ISSN: 2603-6592.

Juarranz Serrano, Angela. Terceras Naturalezas en la génesis de arquitectura. La Fundación Francisco Giner de los Ríos (Amid.cero9, 2015). Traduzione a cura di Terze nature nella genesi dell'architettura. La Fondazione Francisco Giner de los Ríos (Amid.cero9, 2015). In: [I2] Innovación e Investigación en Arquitectura y Territorio. 2017, n. 5(1), . ISSN 2341-0515.

Acebo, Victoria, Ángel Alonso. Institución Libre de Enseñanza (Sede de la Fundación Francisco Giner de los Ríos). Traduzione a cura di Institución Libre de Enseñanza (Sede della Fondazione Francisco Giner de los Ríos). In: Arquitectura, Colegio Oficial de Arquitectos de Madrid. 2016, n. 372, p. 26-55.

Díaz, Cristina, Efrén García. “Amid.cero9. Fundación Giner de los Ríos, Madrid”. In: Arquitectura Viva 187. Spanish Solutions. 2016, n. 187, p. 36-41.

Díaz, Cristina, Efrén García. “Fundación Giner de los Ríos, Madrid”. In: AV Monografías España 2016. 2016, n. 183-184, p. 46-53.